The Guardian recently had a short piece on Galway in its travel section. There are some useful hints on how to spend some time in the city – http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2014/feb/03/a-day-in-galway-ireland-city-guide
The Lonely Planet has some good insights to the city as well at http://www.lonelyplanet.com/ireland/county-galway/galway-city.
If you want to spend another day in Galway after the conference, the Garden Festival at Claregalway Castle will be taking place. There will be a free bus service from the city centre for the event. See http://www.galwaygardenfestival.com/.
For those with a research interest in Irish history or literature, world-renowned Kenny’s Bookshop has a vast collection, from antiquarian to new releases. See www.kennys.ie. Charlie Byrne’s Bookshop is another local treasure worth a visit and conveniently located in the city centre. See www.charliebyrne.com.